Author: Ms. Pooja Nair ( poojanair346@gmail.com )

Editor: Ms. Pranita Herwade

We all have gone through tensed sleepless nights or maybe a hectic schedule. All these situations may lead us to severe headaches. Generally, we tend to have a pill of crocin or aspirin for immediate relief. Unknowingly, we rely on such pills for nearly all kinds of pain in later times. With the course of time, our body gets kind of addicted to such medicines.

We should avoid becoming experts for self and should not take such medicines on our own. Consultation with a doctor in cases of regular headaches and pain is necessary. People should realise the side effects that can be caused by regular unprescribed medications. It must be mandatory to have a prescription of an authorized doctor to get medicines from stores

Side Effects of Aspirin:

Aspirin is a medicine used to treat pain, fever or swelling. Specific diseases that can be treated with aspirin include Kawasaki disease, pericarditis and rheumatic fever. This medicine has several other benefits. Aspirin given within less time after a heart attack can reduce the risk of death. It can also reduce the risk of certain types of cancers, especially colon cancer. Aspirin is termed as a Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). These drugs work to stop the activity of particular enzymes producing prostaglandins and thromboxane. These are the lipids molecules which act as biological mediators.

Considering the side effects, indigestion is one of the most common. Other side effects noticed are stomach ulcers, stomach bleeding that affects about one in ten people, and worsening asthma. High doses can lead to ear noises. The risk of bleeding is higher in older people. Aspirin is not recommended during the last part of pregnancy. 

Nearly 30 million Americans above the age of 40 take aspirin daily to escape the situations of heart illness. More than 6 million Americans take aspirin daily without a doctor’s recommendation. It has been reported that around 10 million people take aspirin daily despite the current guidelines against this use. American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology guidelines recommended aspirin only to people who do not have high bleeding risk. Now, the 2019 guidelines certainly are against the use of aspirin among people over the age of 70 who do not have existing heart disease or stroke. Excess unrecommended use of aspirin can lead to life-threatening diseases which might be very difficult to cure. 

Aspirin Usage:

There is an immense need for health care practitioners to ask their patients about their current aspirin use and to advise them about the importance of balancing the benefits and side-effects, especially among adults of older age and those with cases of previous peptic ulcer disease. These findings are also relevant to adults who do not have a history of cardiovascular disease or stroke. 

If you are still taking aspirin, discuss it with your doctor to see if it is still needed for you. Avoid taking such medicines for slighter pains and mild illness.  Always consult your physician before using medicines for the dosage and instructions to take these medicines.

References:

  1. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/07/190722182126.htm
  2. Colin W. O’Brien, Stephen P. Juraschek, Christina C. Wee. Prevalence of Aspirin Use for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in the United States: Results From the 2017 National Health Interview Survey. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2019; DOI: 10.7326/M19-0953
  3. https://meps.ahrq.gov/data_files/publications/st179/stat179.pdf
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspirin
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonsteroidal_anti-inflammatory_drug

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